Author Archive

Prinsip penulisan proposal skripsi dan laporan magang

May 19th, 2017 Comments off

Kepada mahasiswa bimbingan saya,

Berikut ini kami sampaikan Pedoman Umum Penulisan Proposal Skripsi dan Laporan Magang khusus berlaku dalam bimbingan saya.

Mohon digunakan sebagai patokan untuk menyusun proposal sebelum proposal diserahkan ke saya.

Terima kasih,


Malang, 19 Mei 2017

Categories: Lecture Tags:

Having doctoral degree = Ubiquitous learning

March 8th, 2016 Comments off

Process of findings meanings of economics and finance theory and paradigm is varied. Though the higher institutions offer ‘PhD’, it does not mean the students and alumni have always studied epistemology and ontology extensively. Even Professor Emeritus stated:

Although my ultimate academic degree declared that I was a Doctor of Philosophy (meaning a research degree), I have never, during some eight years of university education, had a course in philosophy. Reading some of the works of these philosophers, I realized that my research has been an imitation of others without understanding what lies beneath the surface and without contributing much to the process of discovery: the search for truth, that must be the ultimate, all dominant and most noble objective of science

(George M. Frankfurter, 2007, Theory and Reality in Financial Economics: Essays Toward a New Political Finance, World Scientific, USA)

Studying is an ubiquitous running towards sunrise, literally and implicitly, indeed.

Categories: Research Tags:

Mempublikasikan artikel pada jurnal internasional (Bagian 1)

March 4th, 2016 Comments off

Ada banyak pertanyaan, baik dari dosen atau mahasiswa, bagaimana cara men-submit atau mempublikasikan artikel untuk jurnal internasional? Jawaban atas pertanyaan ini sebenarnya panjaaang, hehehee…

Mengapa begitu? Karena, publikasi ilmiah merupakan bagian dari rangkaian panjang proses penelitian. Maksud publikasi artikel sebenarnya adalah untuk mendiseminasikan hasil penelitian kita, agar hasil penelitian yang sudah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan kaidah ilmiah tersebut mendapatkan pengakuan dan kritikan dari khalayak akademisi. Jika publikasi tersebut ada di tingkat internasional, maka pengakuan dan komentar yang diharapkan adalah berasal dari berbagai negara. Demikian pula, jika publikasi bersifat nasional, tanggapan dan pengakuan yang diharapkan peneliti adalah dari masyarakat akademik di Indonesia. Oleh karenanya, jika suatu artikel terpublikasi pada jurnal internasional bereputasi, atau terindeks Scopus atau Thomson-Reuters, menunjukkan bahwa artikel tersebut sudah layak dijadikan sebagai referensi bagi peneliti selanjutnya di tingkat internasional, yang berminat pada topik yang relevan. Temuan yang disajikan dalam artikel tersebut secara internasional layak diakui dapat memberikan kontribusi terhadap teori tertentu, yaitu telah mengisi empirical atau theoretical gap atas kemampuan suatu teori untuk menjelaskan suatu fenomena riil.

Nah, dengan begitu, saya harap Anda mendapatkan ilustrasi bahwa prasyarat mutlak untuk dapat mempublikasikan artikel pada jurnal internasional ya berarti dengan melakukan penelitian sesuai dengan kaidah ilmiah yang baku. Dengan modal artikel yang bermutu, paling tidak Anda sudah boleh memiliki kepercayaan diri untuk men-submit artikel Anda pada jurnal internasional yang bereputasi sekalipun. Anda akan merasa bahwa hasil temuan riset Anda layak untuk dibaca dan digunakan sebagai referensi peneliti selanjutnya.

Jika hasil riset yang layak telah ada di tangan, tahap selanjutnya adalah membenahi bahasa dan format penulisan. Namanya saja jurnal internasional, bahasa yang digunakan ya bahasa internasional. Saat ini ada enam (6) bahasa yang secara internasional diakui oleh Persatuan Bangsa-bangsa, yaitu bahasa Arab, China, Rusia, Perancis, Spanyol, dan Inggris. Sayangnya bahasa Indonesia belum diakui secara internasional, meskipun jumlah penduduk Indonesia sebagai pengguna utama bahasa Indonesia (first language) berjuta-juta..hehehee

Umumnya jurnal internasional yang diacu masyarakat Indonesia menggunakan bahasa Inggris. Anda barangkali membutuhkan rekan yang memahami konteks riset Anda untuk memberikan saran tone Bahasa Inggris yang Anda gunakan dalam penulisan artikel. Jika dana publikasi Anda cukup, Anda bisa menggunakan fasilitas yang disediakan oleh jurnal yang Anda pilih untuk memperbaiki tata tulis Bahasa Inggris Anda. Berikut contoh syarat penggunaan bahasa di salah satu jurnal internasional bereputasi:

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier’s WebShop ( or visit our customer support site ( for more information.

Terkait format tulisan, Anda perlu mengenali gaya selingkung yang biasa digunakan dalam jurnal tersebut. Untuk mengenali gaya tersebut, Anda perlu masuk ke website jurnal yang Anda tuju, cari dan baca petunjuk penulisan bagi penulis. Untuk lebih jelas, Anda bisa download salah satu artikel yang dipublikasikan di jurnal tersebut kemudian kenali gaya selingkungnya.

Oh ya, memilih ke jurnal mana Anda akan mempublikasikan karya ilmiah Anda juga memerlukan trik. Adalah suatu keharusan untuk memilih jurnal yang sesuai dengan topik riset Anda. Mengapa? Karena setiap jurnal umumnya sudah memiliki dan menyasar pangsa pembaca mayoritas. Jika Anda memilih jurnal yang tidak relevan dengan tema dasar jurnal, besar kemungkinan submission Anda akan ditolak.

…tarik napas dulu…berlanjut yaa..

Categories: Research Tags:

Materi mata kuliah: Analisis Risiko Bisnis Internasional

September 18th, 2015 Comments off
Categories: Lecture Tags:

Materi untuk mata kuliah: Analisis Laporan Keuangan

September 18th, 2015 Comments off

Berikut adalah materi-materi untuk mata kuliah: Analisis Laporan Keuangan.

Harap mahasiswa bisa menggunakannya secara bijaksana.







Categories: Lecture Tags:

Is CSR powerful to be a barrier from business unfriendly activities?

June 12th, 2015 Comments off

In a day, people rallied and campaigned ‘Occupy Wall Street’ pursued:

“We come to you at a time when corporations, which place profit over people, self-interest over justice, and oppression over equality, run our governments”.

The main question in the current business query is TO WHOM THE CORPORATION SHOULD BE ACCOUNTABLE.

Brammer, Jackson, Matten (2012)


Categories: Research Tags:

Materials for Investment Management class

March 18th, 2015 Comments off

Here compiled materials for Investment Management class.

Categories: Lecture Tags:

The US-Japan relationship (Chapter 1)

March 5th, 2015 Comments off
  • Commander Perry’s visit to Japan in 1853-4 has made a history on the US-Japan relationship. It was backed by the gunboats of the US Navy. Anyways, of all the foreign countries with which Japan interacts, no country has had a more important influence on the Japanese economy than the United States ;)
  • In 1997, the US criticized Japan’s closed-market for foreign products. Kodak has accused Fujifilm and the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) of exerting the sale of Kodak products. Hosted by the WTO, both countries then discussed the ruling in favour of Fujifilm. The US government alleges that this is the result of certain Japanese corporate grouping (keiretsu). Within the system, Japanese firms prefer to purchase products from their keiretsu-affiliated firms rather than non-keiretsu firms, including foreign firms.
Categories: Out of the boxes Tags:

International Finance Seminar Class

March 2nd, 2015 Comments off

Dear Students in International Finance Seminar class,

Here one of materials


Good luck!!

Categories: Lecture Tags:

Null Hypothesis

January 17th, 2014 Comments off

After almost a year supervising students for conducting research and writing their final thesis, I found the students used to forget how to test hypothesis. First, students forgot to choose null hypothesis and the alternative before the sample is drawn. According to Kothari (2004), doing so can avoid the students from the error of deriving hypotheses from the data that he collects, and then testing the hypotheses from the same data. Please keep these considerations in mind when choosing the null hypothesis.

  1. The null hypothesis is the one which the researcher wishes to disprove; alternative hypothesis is the one which the researcher wishes to prove. Hence, a null hypothesis represents the hypothesis we attempt to reject, and alternative hypothesis represents all other possibilities.
  2. If the rejection of a certain hypothesis when it is actually true involves great risk, the researcher must take it as null hypothesis. It is because the probability of rejecting the hypothesis when it is true is α (the level of significance) which is chosen very small.
  3. The null hypothesis should be simple and specific, not state about or approximately a certain value. For example, µ = µH0 is a null hypothesis; while µ = µH0 or µ = µH0 or µ = µH0 is a composite or nonspecific or alternative hypothesis.

Second, they forgot hypotheses that they supposedly measured were the null hypothesis. The one we test is the null hypothesis; this is the one that we try to reject. Mostly students derive hypothesis from assumptions, as they are convinced by theories and are suggested by findings of prior studies. The assumptions lead them to construct hypotheses that they wish to accept, not to reject. However, they forgot to reverse the statement and develop the null hypothesis. Instead, students tested hypotheses that they desire to accept, it is the one that consistent with theories and prior studies.

A study proceeds hypothesis testing on the basis of null hypothesis, while it keeps the alternative hypothesis in our mind. According to Kothari (2004), this is because on the assumption that null hypothesis is true, one can assign the probabilities to different possible sample results. But, this cannot be done if we proceed with the alternative hypothesis.

Reference: CR Kothari (2004), Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, New Age International Publishers, India.

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